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Belgian German Shepherd: Characteristics, History and More!

Belgian German Shepherd

The Belgian German Shepherd is an intelligent and loyal companion who requires time, training and socialization and an outlet for his boundless energy. Due to its size, intelligence, vibrant personality, and graceful beauty, owning a Belgian Sheepdog is a responsibility not to be taken lightly. When you invest time in training and socializing, your dog will become a well-adjusted adult with whom you will be proud to be seen in public.

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Family: cattle dog, herding
Area of ​​origin: Belgium
Original function: cattle herding
Average size of men: Height 0.6 m, Weight: 27 – 30 kg
Average size of woman: Height: 0.6 m, Weight : 27 – 30 kg
Alias: Groenendael, Belgian Sheepdog

Origin and history of the breed

The Belgian Shepherd, Laekenois, Belgian Tervuren, and Belgian Malinois started out as four local variations of a breed, which were known as the Belgian Shepherd or Continental Shepherd. The dog that inherits the Belgian Shepherd name was originally known as the Groenendael variation of the breed. Like all Belgian shepherds, he was a farm dog both to move the flock and to watch over it.

This breed differs from the others by its longer hairs. In 1910, these dogs were officially named Groenendael by the kennel that selectively had black dogs since 1893 (just after Belgian Shepherds were recognized as a breed). Since then, the breed has acquired a certain reputation as a police dog and has been used as such in the United States of America.

In World War I, they continued to shine as sentries and messenger dogs. It was in the US that it gained public attention and was very popular after the war. In 1959, the three Belgian Shepherd breeds were divided into separate breeds, with the Groenendael, later known as the Belgian Shepherd. With its glossy black coat, it is the most striking of the Belgian breeds, along with its varied abilities that many fans of this breed guaranteed.

The temperament of the Belgian Shepherd

Still alert and on the move, the Belgian Shepherd is very playful, vigilant and protective as well as being a very strong puppy. It can be indifferent to strangers and some can be brave and even move forward. This breed is intelligent and docile but independent. He is the protector of his home and his family.

How to take care of a Belgian Shepherd?

The Belgian Shepherd needs a lot of exercise, which can be a long run or a long grueling section of games like running after a ball. It needs room to move around during the day and it does it better so it will be great if I have a large patio. You have to wear it to brush and comb your hair twice a week. His double coat needs to be brushed and combed twice a week.

Belgian Shepherd Health

Major Concerns: None
Minor Concerns: Epilepsy, Skin Allergies
Occasionally Seen: Hip Dysplasia
Suggested Tests: None
Life Expectancy: 10-12 years


Belgian sheepdogs are long-lived, healthy dogs and make excellent companions. They are tolerant of respectful children. Due to their herding and working history they are intuitively protective of their people. They have an intense need to be close to their owners, following them from room to room when they are inside and keeping a close eye on them at all times.

Because of this trait, your Belgian Sheepdog will be happier when kept in the house as a member of your family. Dogs kept in kennels or outdoors in fenced yards need a significant amount of “people time” each day to stay emotionally healthy. Isolation from humans will quickly ruin a Belgian Sheepdog’s personality and overall outlook.

Care and grooming

Belgian Sheepdogs require a proper diet of quality food and regular medical care with the necessary vaccinations to protect against disease. Heartworm medication is highly recommended if you live in a heartworm zone. A healthy Belgian Shepherd dog covers dirt and doesn’t require a lot of maintenance.

A weekly brushing of the fur with a pin brush will remove carpets and tangles and remove dandruff and dust. A more skilled brush and undercoat rake will help remove the undercoat of paint during paint removal season, which typically occurs twice a year and lasts about a week.

Weekly toenail trimming and teeth cleaning should also be part of your dog’s grooming routine. Owners who have taken good care of their dogs are often rewarded with their Belgian Sheepdogs who live long active lives. A Belgian sheep dog that lives to be 12-14 years or older is not unheard of.

Form and function

The Belgian Sheepdog is an elegant dog, square in proportion, alert and agile with a proud bearing. Its bone is moderately heavy. Like a dog expected to herd for long hours; His ride is smooth, tireless and effortless more than that of a driver.

It has a tendency to move in a circle rather than in a straight line. Unless under command, Belgian Sheepdogs are constantly on the move.

It has an extremely dense undercoat along with an outer layer of abundant guard hair that is long, well-fitted and straight. His expression is intelligent, alert and questioning; its black coloration is striking.

Health concerns

Dogs Belgian Shepherds are generally a healthy breed but, like all living beings, can be susceptible to diseases and be affected by hereditary problems. In this breed, some of the problems seen are cancer, epilepsy, hip and elbow dysplasia, PRA, and cataracts.

All breeds have health concerns that homeowners (both new and seasoned) need to consider in order to make the best property decisions.

Another point to keep in mind is that the health problems noted here are rarely unmanageable, or cause the death of a companion animal. Often times, the aforementioned health problems are much more inconvenient for owners than for dogs, who quickly learn to compensate for them.

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I love the animals. Reading and writing about them, their customs, their peculiarities or the attention they require is exciting, and I also believe that it makes us better people. I share articles that solve the questions that dog caregivers face on a daily basis.

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